Given all this, it is with some trepidation that this reviewer has to declare himself in significant disagreement with him. Justice is primarily about the values that should underpin the state, politics and the law, with particular reference to Western pluralistic societies. Sandel presents us with a three-cornered debate between utilitarian, liberal and communitarian perspectives, in which the latter, heavily reinforced by a dose of neo-ristotelianism, emerges the victor. Along the way we are treated to a wonderful exposition of the subtleties of these positions, as well as a forensic analysis of their limitations.
With humorous references to Bill Gates and Michael Jordan, Sandel introduces the libertarian notion that redistributive taxation—taxing the rich to give to the poor—is akin to forced labor.
View Lecture Students first discuss the arguments behind redistributive taxation. According to Locke, our natural rights are governed by the law of nature, known by reason, which says that we can neither give them up nor take them away from anyone else.
Consenting Adults View Lecture If we all have unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property, how can a government enforce tax laws passed Utilitarianism michael sandel the representatives of a mere majority?
View Lecture During the Civil War, men drafted into war had the option of hiring substitutes to fight in their place. Many students say they find that policy unjust, arguing that it is unfair to allow Utilitarianism michael sandel affluent to avoid serving and risking their lives by paying less privileged citizens to fight in their place.
This leads to a classroom debate about war and conscription. Motherhood View Lecture Professor Sandel examines the principle of free-market exchange as it relates to reproductive rights.
Sandel begins with a humorous discussion of the business of egg and sperm donation. He argues that each of us has certain fundamental duties and rights that take precedence over maximizing utility. Kant rejects the notion that morality is about calculating consequences. When we act out of duty—doing something simply because it is right—only then do our actions have moral worth.
The Supreme Principle Of Mortality Lecture 12 View Lecture Immanuel Kant says that insofar as our actions have moral worth, what confers moral worth is our capacity to rise above self-interest and inclination and to act out of duty.
Sandel tells the true story of a thirteen-year old boy who won a spelling bee contest, but then admitted to the judges that he had, in fact, misspelled the final word. A Deal Is A Deal Lecture 14 View Lecture Sandel introduces the modern philosopher, John Rawls, who argues that a fair set of principles would be those principles we would all agree to if we had to choose rules for our society and no one had any unfair bargaining power.
What Do We Deserve? View Lecture Sandel discusses the fairness of pay differentials in modern society. Sandel asks, is this fair? According to John Rawls, it is not. Arguing Affirmative Action View Lecture Sandel describes the court case of a white woman named Cheryl Hopwood who was denied admission to a Texas law school, even though she had higher grades and test scores than some of the minority applicants who were admitted.
Students discuss the pros and cons of affirmative action. View Lecture Sandel introduces Aristotle and his theory of justice. Aristotle disagrees with Rawls and Kant. He believes that justice is about giving people their due, what they deserve. When considering matters of distribution, Aristotle argues one must consider the goal, the end, the purpose of what is being distributed.
The Good Citizen View Lecture Aristotle believes the purpose of politics is to promote and cultivate the virtue of its citizens. And those citizens who contribute most to the purpose of the community are the ones who should be most rewarded.
But how do we know the purpose of a community or a practice? Fit View Lecture How does Aristotle address the issue of individual rights and the freedom to choose?
What if I am best suited to do one kind of work, but I want to do another?
The Claims of Community View Lecture Communitarians argue that, in addition to voluntary and universal duties, we also have obligations of membership, solidarity, and loyalty. These obligations are not necessarily based on consent. We inherit our past, and our identities, from our family, city, or country.The late philosopher James Rachels published one of the most salient pieces on the euthanasia (E) debate in the New England Journal of Medicine titled “Active and Passive Euthanasia.” Here is a brief outline of his argument.
The distinction between active euthanasia (AE) and passive (PE) is thought crucial. Utilitarianism emerges as the lame duck of moral philosophy, largely because it seems to defend the indefensible, such as sacrificing the innocent for the ‘greater good’.
Justice, Prof Sandel argues, has to have something to do with desert, that is, what people deserve.
Justice: A Reader [Michael J. Sandel] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Justice brings together in one indispensable volume essential readings on justice and moral reasoning. With readings from major .
Michael Sandel explores justice from a philosophical angle - are there absolute rights and wrongs, and what can Bentham, Kant and Aristotle teach us?
Read now OU on the BBC: Justice: A Citizen's Guide To The 21st Century. Article. Level: 1 Introductory.
Justice Season on the BBC. I highly recommend the music of this wonderful singer, songwriter, and artist.. Very Best of Dan Fogelberg. Dan Fogelberg: Greatest Hits.
Phoenix. Box Set Series. Thank you Dan for your artistic contributions. I hope you have melted into a river of souls.
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered. As with most philosophically-driven disciplines, the concept of justice differs in every ashio-midori.com early theory of justice was set out by the Ancient Greek philosopher Plato in his work The ashio-midori.comtes of divine command theory say that justice issues from God.