The causes of the French Revolution were many:
Causes of the revolution[ change change source ] Many problems in France led up to the Revolution: They also fought against Britain again in the American Revolution. They borrowed much money to pay for the wars, and the country became poor. The king and queen considered themselves representatives of God on earth and thus, did not pay attention to people's sufferings The high price of bread and low wages given to workers caused the ordinary people to suffer from hunger and malnutrition.
This made them dislike the rich nobles, who had the money to eat well and build huge houses. The Roman Catholic Churchwhich owned the most land in Franceput a tax on crops called the dime tithe which hurt the poorest and hungriest people as they were not able to afford the tax.
Many people disliked absolute rule by the royalty and the nobility. They could see that in other countries, such as in the United Stateswhich, in this time period, had just been formed, people like them had more power over the government.
They also wanted freedom of religion. The first and the second estate i. Before the Revolution, France was divided into three Estates. The First Estate was the Clergy the church.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, French citizens. The French Revolution has often been called the start of the modern world, and while this is an exaggeration—many of the supposed ‘revolutionary’ developments had precursors—it was an epochal event that permanently changed the European mindset. French Revolution, also called Revolution of , the revolutionary movement that shook France between and and reached its first climax there in Hence the conventional term “Revolution of ,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of and
Representatives of the people from all three estates together made up the Estates-General. The Palace of Versailles.
This is where the Estates-General met in In Maythe Estates-General was called by the King in order to deal with the money problems of the country. They met at the royal Palace of Versailles. However, the members of the Third Estate were angry.
The members of the Third Estate The commoners were angry that they were being taxed the most when they were the poorest group of people.
They also wanted votes in the Estates-General to be more fair. Even though the Third Estate had many more members than the other two Estates, each Estate only had one vote in the Estates-General.
The Third Estate thought this could be improved by giving members of the Estates-General a vote each. However, when they talked to the other Estates, they could not agree.
On 10 Junethey started the National Assembly. On June 20, they took the Tennis Court Oathwhere they promised to work until they had created a new constitution for France. The storming of the Bastille[ change change source ] A sans-coulotte, a radical revolutionary, carrying a tricolor flag.
In Julyafter the National Assembly was formed, the nobility and the king were angry with Jacques Neckerthe Director-General of Finances, and they fired him.
Many Parisians thought that the King was going to shut down the National Assembly. Soon, Paris was filled with riots and looting. On 14 Julythe people decided to attack the Bastille prison.
The Bastille contained weaponsas well as being a symbol of the power of the nobility and the rule of the king. By the afternoon, the people had broken into the Bastille and released the seven prisoners being held there.
|French Revolution 10 Key Events Timeline | Preceden||The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies.|
|Meeting of the Estates General||Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt.|
|A Monarchy in Crisis||The Assembly debates giving the King the power to veto legislation. Camille Desmoulins organizes an uprising at the Palais-Royal to block the proposed veto for the King and to force the King to return to Paris.|
The Members of the Third Estate took over Paris. Jacques Necker was given back his job as Director-General of Finances. Soon, the King visited Paris and wore the red, white and blue tricolor ribbons cockade that the revolutionaries were wearing.
By the end of July, the revolution had spread all over France. On 4 August, the National Assembly ended the special taxes the Church was collecting, and put a stop to the rights of the Nobility over their people, ending feudalism.
The National Assembly began to decide how it would be under the new constitution.
Many members, especially the nobles, wanted a senate or a second upper house. However, more people voted to keep having just one assembly.A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in Declaration of the Rights of Man Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
The French Revolution has often been called the start of the modern world, and while this is an exaggeration—many of the supposed ‘revolutionary’ developments had precursors—it was an epochal event that permanently changed the European mindset. Storming of the Bastille (July 14, ) The Bastille is a French prison which is located in Paris, France.
On the afternoon of the 14 th of July the Bastille was stormed by an angry and aggressive mob. The Bastille in during the French Revolution was a symbol of power and the monarchy’s dictatorial rule.
The French Revolution was a major event in modern European history. The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy's severe debt problems, high taxes, poor harvests, and the influence of new political ideas and the . Kids learn about the history of the French Revolution including causes, major events, Reign of Terror, National Assembly, symbols, famous people, Storming of the Bastille, and facts.
Educational article for students, schools, and teachers. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated.