Keeping students safe is the responsibility of the entire community.
Publications The Evolving Role of Police in Schools As the role of police in the community has been dynamic throughout history, school-based law enforcement officers have expanded their range of duties since they were first assigned to schools.
Many school districts in Texas, and across the country, have assigned law enforcement officers to their campuses. However, not all school-based law enforcement officers have the same role, because police and educational administrators can establish their own set of expectations for what the officer will be responsible for.
To understand the variety of duties of school-based law enforcement, it is important to understand how the role has changed over time and what factors have contributed to its evolution. Subsequent SRO programs in the s and s followed a similar model. The police sought to maintain order in the schools and bridge the gap between law enforcement and schools.
Police from the s through the s followed a warrior-like approach to dealing with crime. In a similar way, a law enforcement presence in the school was believed to deter student deviance and reduce crime and disorder on campus.
The crime prevention role continued to be the exclusive role of school law enforcement into the s.
Expanding from traditional crime prevention duties, many school-based law enforcement officers in the mids added an education duty to their repertoire. Police officers were suitable candidates to communicate the risks and negative consequences of drug use. For this reason, police were brought into the schools to deliver drug resistance curriculums, and educating students was another responsibility that law enforcement was now expected to perform.
Community Policing, The Triad Model, and Beyond Criticism of law enforcement practices in the community led to shifts in policing during the late s and into the s. Due largely to ineffectiveness, emphasis reverted to crime prevention requiring that police immerse themselves into the communities they serve and use problem-solving techniques to deal with crime.
Police needed to be trained to restore ties with the community and more officers were needed to fill the workload. InPresident Clinton pledged to putcops on the street and the Community-Oriented Policing COPS office was created to execute the mission of community-oriented policing.
It is believed that the increase of police in schools during the s was a by-product of the community-oriented policing philosophy. In a similar way, school-based law enforcement were asked to implement another skill into their role: As a mentor, school-based police act as caring adults that help students avoid negative behaviors and survive the challenges that families and communities face.
However police have increasingly been used during teacher and administrator in-service training to educate staff on safety practices and emergency response. In many ways, crime prevention and education remain present within the triad framework.
Role expansion has grown beyond the scope of enforcing the law, educating, and mentoring. The s saw additional responsibilities of school-based law enforcement. One study asking officers about their duties found that many school-based law enforcement officers were also acting as surrogate parents and social workers.
Examples of these types of behaviors included bringing clothes or school supplies to disadvantaged students or connecting students with other social services. Important Considerations for School-Based Law Enforcement It is clear that the role of school-based law enforcement can be extremely complex.
From crime prevention responsibilities, to the triad model, and beyond, the range of duties of school-based law enforcement officers is expansive and growing.
It is important that law enforcement officers receive proper training for school-based deployment.The primary responsibility of every school district is to ensure a safe and secure environment for students, staff and visitors. the role of the School Resource Officer (SRO) is under scrutiny. February School Law Primer - School Safety: Legal Pointers for Public Schools: Post minutes and agendas on the Safety Committee website and send them to each division for posting.
Establish a system to obtain and review safety-related suggestions, reports of hazards or other information directly from all persons involved in the operations of the workplace that would help in creating a safe work environment. 1.
Responsibilities. Pupils should be safe in school and when undertaking out of school activities. The risk management to keep them safe should be proportionate to the nature of the activities. The Evolving Role of Police in Schools.
As the role of police in the community has been dynamic throughout history, school-based law enforcement officers have expanded their range of duties since they were first assigned to schools.
Post minutes and agendas on the Safety Committee website and send them to each division for posting. Establish a system to obtain and review safety-related suggestions, reports of hazards or other information directly from all persons involved in the operations of the workplace that would help in creating a safe work environment.
Responsibilities of the school and other authorities All school staff have a duty of care to help students avoid harm. Some staff will have greater responsibilities, depending on their role.