Making change can be difficult, but putting facts on paper is the best way to make your case. Policy proposals can be carried out in a variety of settings, from academics to business.
Proposal Elements of a Proposal Argument Choose a problem that is important or interesting to you and propose a solution to it.
Your proposal should include the following elements: A claim that proposes specific action, whether a change of practice or policy, to resolve a problem or need, and is suitable for your audience.
Evidence and reasons that show clearly the problem and its significance, clearly relate the proposal claim to the problem or need, and show that the proposal will work and resolve the problem or need. A consideration of possible rebuttals to your proposal. Suggestions for Finding a Topic Consider practical problems at Kean University; your high school; your city or town; your place of work; your hobbies, etc.
If you were to choose a problem or situation at Kean, for example, you might consider proposals like the following: A proposal to improve the quality of advising for students in your major. A proposal to improve the ESL program A proposal to improve the international student exchange program.
A proposal to improve safety conditions in a particular building or facility. A proposal to change a rule at your dormitory.
Audience Proposals are generally addressed to someone who can do something with them, and they are accompanied by a cover letter how to write a policy paper proposal introduces the proposal to that specific person or persons. For example, if you were writing a policy proposal based on a social issue, you might name your senator or representative as the individual capable of taking action, but it must be the correct senator or representative for your voting district.
If you feel that the senator or representative might not listen, then you might address your proposal to a specific group or organization that the senator or representative might listen to.
Some tips to help you Find an issue that is manageable. For instance, proposing changes to the New Jersey education system requires an enormous amount of research and expertise.
Instead, propose specific, small changes to the school you or your children attend. In this situation, you can talk to the people in charge, find out why something has or has not been tried, and adapt your proposal to what you find out. Because you have the opportunity to talk with your audience, you have a better chance of understanding what the problem is from their perspective and be able to make a better proposal that they will at least listen to.
Preparing to Write Brainstorm to find a narrow, local issue which is a problem for you. Brainstorm and research who the right audience would be for your proposal.
Find someone who can implement your proposal or pass it on to someone who can do something about the problem. Use your own research interviews, surveys, graphs, polls and library research. Document your sources accurately both in your text and in your bibliography.
Your research should show that other problems like yours exist in the world, that people are concerned about them, that they are serious, that there are counterarguments and criticisms to your solution, and that there are solutions that can solve these problems.
General Comments Consider the values of your audience. Use details and vivid examples if possible, of real incidents and your own personal experience. Create credibility by looking at the problem objectively, not as a complainer. Writing the proposal The following sections explain the shape of this proposal paper and give the subtitles that you should use in your own paper.
Cover letter This one-page letter introduces your audience to the problem, its significance, and your proposal to solve the problem. It should be addressed to a specific individual or group. Summary This section summarizes the problem, its background, the proposal, and justification in one paragraph.
Problem This is a one-sentence description of the problem. Background to the problem This section is an introduction to the problem.
Convince your audience that it's a real problem and something needs to be done about it. Sometimes, a reader might initially respond by saying, "Oh, that stuff again. Present your proposal thesis statement concisely. If some people may be skeptical, this is a good place to first insert opposing viewpoints, before continuing on with your own proposal.
Proposal After showing a problem really exists in the introduction, you need to show your solution, one which is solvable, doable, and practical.
Below are resources to help you master both the policy analysis and proposal formats. You will also find a list of eBooks available at Ikeda Library, and links to external resources, on proposal writing in the Comparative and International Education LibGuide. As you will find, no one source completely reflects your assignment's parameters. A policy proposal is considered to be an attempt to address a given problem. The proposal template must identify how a problem affects an entity and what could be done to resolve this. In order to create a proposal, you need to gather the facts. your group will write a policy paper on the topic your group has selected. TO COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT, YOUR GROUP WILL NEED TO REFINE AND EXPAND ON THE IDEAS DISCUSSED IN YOUR BACKGROUND PAPERS, CURRENT POLICIES/ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS PAPERS, AND EXERCISES RELATED TO IMPLEMENTING YOUR PROPOSAL.
Explain your proposal in detail with step-by-step specifics on how your solution works: Show how one consequence will lead to another until the problem is solved. Perhaps your solution or a similar one elsewhere is successful.In the real world of higher education, a research proposal is most often written by scholars seeking grant funding for a research project or it's the first step in getting approval to write a doctoral dissertation.
market. In the world of policy, white papers guide decision makers with expert opinions, recommendations, and analytical research. Policy papers may also take the form of a briefing paper, which typically provides a decision maker with an overview of an issue or problem, targeted analysis, and, often, actionable recommendations.
Briefing books and white papers often accompany an oral briefing . A policy analysis paper requires students to research in depth an issue of public concern. It can be an issue of ongoing political debate or an issue that has not yet gained the attention of policy makers.
your group will write a policy paper on the topic your group has selected. TO COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT, YOUR GROUP WILL NEED TO REFINE AND EXPAND ON THE IDEAS DISCUSSED IN YOUR BACKGROUND PAPERS, CURRENT POLICIES/ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS PAPERS, AND EXERCISES RELATED TO .
Developing the knowledge and skills to write effective policy papers for publication policy paper writer if you decide how best to apply the information you find in this guide to your own situation. Based on this social perspective, the guide aims to WRITING EFFECTIVE PUBLIC POLICY PAPERS. Policy proposals can be carried out in a variety of settings, from academics to business.
In a policy proposal you attempt to address a problem and describe how the problem can be resolved or changed. If you are writing a policy proposal, knowing the steps to follow and the necessary requirements can help you create an effective proposal.