Transition House not only launched a "gender-neutral" search for a new executive director but also appointed a man as its interim director.
Gender and women's mental health Gender disparities and mental health: The Facts Mental illness is associated with a significant burden of morbidity and disability. Lifetime Domestic violence and gender bias rates for any kind of psychological disorder are higher than previously thought, are increasing in recent cohorts and affect nearly half the population.
Despite being common, mental illness is underdiagnosed by doctors. Less than half of those who meet diagnostic criteria for psychological disorders are identified by doctors. Patients, too, appear reluctant to seek professional help. Only 2 in every 5 people experiencing a mood, anxiety or substance use disorder seeking assistance in the year of the onset of the disorder.
Overall rates of psychiatric disorder are almost identical for men and women but striking gender differences are found in the patterns of mental illness.
Gender is a critical determinant of mental health and mental illness.
The morbidity associated with mental illness has received substantially more attention than the gender specific determinants and mechanisms that promote and protect mental health and foster resilience to stress and adversity.
Gender determines the differential power and control men and women have over the socioeconomic determinants of their mental health and lives, their social position, status and treatment in society and their susceptibility and exposure to specific mental health risks.
Gender differences occur particularly in the rates of common mental disorders - depression, anxiety and somatic complaints. These disorders, in which women predominate, affect approximately 1 in 3 people in the community and constitute a serious public health problem.
Unipolar depression, predicted to be the second leading cause of global disability burden byis twice as common in women. Depression is not only the most common women's mental health problem but may be more persistent in women than men. More research is needed. Reducing the overrepresentation of women who are depressed would contribute significantly to lessening the global burden of disability caused by psychological disorders.
The lifetime prevalence rate for alcohol dependence, another common disorder, is more than twice as high in men than women. In developed countries, approximately 1 in 5 men and 1 in 12 women develop alcohol dependence during their lives. Men are also more than three times more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder than women.
Gender differences have been reported in age of onset of symptoms, frequency of psychotic symptoms, course of these disorders, social adjustment and long term outcome.
The disability associated with mental illness falls most heavily on those who experience three or more comorbid disorders. Gender specific risk factors Depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms and high rates of comorbidity are significantly related to interconnected and co-occurrent risk factors such as gender based roles, stressors and negative life experiences and events.
Gender specific risk factors for common mental disorders that disproportionately affect women include gender based violence, socioeconomic disadvantage, low income and income inequality, low or subordinate social status and rank and unremitting responsibility for the care of others.
The high prevalence of sexual violence to which women are exposed and the correspondingly high rate of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD following such violence, renders women the largest single group of people affected by this disorder.
The mental health impact of long term, cumulative psychosocial adversity has not been adequately investigated. Restructuring has a gender specific effect on mental health Economic and social policies that cause sudden, disruptive and severe changes to income, employment and social capital that cannot be controlled or avoided, significantly increase gender inequality and the rate of common mental disorders.
Gender bias Gender bias occurs in the treatment of psychological disorders. Doctors are more likely to diagnose depression in women compared with men, even when they have similar scores on standardized measures of depression or present with identical symptoms. Female gender is a significant predictor of being prescribed mood altering psychotropic drugs.
Gender differences exist in patterns of help seeking for psychological disorder. Women are more likely to seek help from and disclose mental health problems to their primary health care physician while men are more likely to seek specialist mental health care and are the principal users of inpatient care.
Men are more likely than women to disclose problems with alcohol use to their health care provider. Gender stereotypes regarding proneness to emotional problems in women and alcohol problems in men, appear to reinforce social stigma and constrain help seeking along stereotypical lines.
They are a barrier to the accurate identification and treatment of psychological disorder. Violence related mental health problems are also poorly identified. Women are reluctant to disclose a history of violent victimization unless physicians ask about it directly.
The complexity of violence related health outcomes increases when victimization is undetected and results in high and costly rates of utilization of the health and mental health care system.
For a complete referenced discussion of these issue please see the following document: The Facts Depressive disorders account for close to Tom James book, Domestic Violence: The Twelve Things You Aren't Supposed to Know, is an accurate and scholarly work that is long overdue.
This book is a breath of fresh air after years of incompetent, ideologically driven, advocacy research by gender feminists who want to deny the cold, hard, documented facts about domestic violence.
Aug 30, · The search for a new director for a domestic violence shelter reveals the gender bias within the domestic violence treatment community. Gender-Profiling Men for Arrest for Domestic Violence Police responding to an allegation of domestic violence judge on the scene of the call who is the victim and who is the suspect.
Sensational public claims about domestic violence against women and specific domestic violence laws and policies have biased that difficult police judgment toward. Jessica Lenahan (Gonzales) v. United States, the first international human rights case brought by a victim of domestic violence against the United States, advanced women’s rights at the global.
1 Ending Gender Bias in the Law Enforcement Response to Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence ~ Roundtable Proceedings ‐ August 3‐4, Introduction Under a cooperative agreement with OVW, the Battered Women’s Justice Project (BWJP) was asked to.
Society is not going to successfully stop domestic violence without stopping the gender bias that both dilutes efforts at helping or forcing abusers to stop and creates a tremendous amount of distrust by men who are victims of either actual domestic violence or false accusations of domestic violence.