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From until his death inBooker T. In a speech made in… He was born in a slave hut but, after emancipation, moved with his family to Malden, West Virginia.
Dire poverty ruled out regular schooling; at age nine he began working, first in a salt furnace and later in a coal mine.
Determined to get an educationhe enrolled at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute now Hampton University in Virginiaworking as a janitor to help pay expenses. He graduated in and returned to Malden, where for two years he taught children in a day school and adults at night.
Following studies at Wayland Seminary, Washington, D. In Washington was selected to head a newly established normal school for African Americans at Tuskegee, an institution with two small converted buildings, no equipment, and very little money.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Washington believed that the best interests of black people in the post- Reconstruction era could be realized through education in the crafts and industrial skills and the cultivation of the virtues of patience, enterprise, and thrift.
He urged his fellow blacks, most of whom were impoverished and illiterate farm labourers, to temporarily abandon their efforts to win full civil rights and political power and instead to cultivate their industrial and farming skills so as to attain economic security. Blacks would thus accept segregation and discriminationbut their eventual acquisition of wealth and culture would gradually win for them the respect and acceptance of the white community.
This would break down the divisions between the two races and lead to equal citizenship for blacks in the end.
In his epochal speech September 18, to a racially mixed audience at the Atlanta Exposition, Washington summed up his pragmatic approach in the famous phrase: In all things that are purely social we can be separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.
These sentiments were called the Atlanta Compromise by such critics as the black intellectual W. He went on to receive honorary degrees from Harvard University and Dartmouth College Among his dozen books is his autobiography, Up from Slaverytranslated into many languages.Watch video · No account of black history in America is complete without an examination of the rivalry between Booker T.
Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, which in the late 19th to . In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, African American leaders Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois promoted different civil rights strategies. Booker T. Washington Delivers the Atlanta Compromise Speech.
On September 18, , African-American spokesman and leader Booker T. Washington spoke before a predominantly white audience at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta. Both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois sought to improve the socioeconomic and political standing of the African American community in the United States, but they each held polar philosophies and pursued opposing strategies to achieve their goals.
Booker T. Washington was born in in Virginia to Jane Ferguson, who was a slave to James Burroughs. Washington's paternity in unknown except that his . Mikayla Ferchaw Pd. 4/5 DBQ for Booker T. Washington vs. W.E.B. Du Bois The Strategies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois: Uncovered The time period of to was a period in history when the people of the Black race were being granted a free status, but equality, on the other hand, was not an option to some higher white officials.