Alone, impoverished, and facing his own mortality, Santiago is now considered unlucky.
Plot summary[ edit ] The Old Man and the Sea tells the story of a battle between an aging, experienced fisherman, Santiago, and a large marlin. The story opens with Santiago having gone 84 days without catching a fish, and now being seen as "salao", the worst form of unluckiness.
He is so unlucky that his young apprentice, Manolin, has been forbidden by his parents to sail with him and has been told instead to fish with successful fishermen.
Santiago tells Manolin that on the next day, he will venture far out into the Gulf Stream, north of Cuba in the Straits of Florida to fish, confident that his unlucky streak is near its end. On the eighty-fifth day of his unlucky streak, Santiago takes his skiff into the Gulf Stream, sets his lines and by noon, has his bait taken by a big fish that he is sure is a marlin.
Unable to haul in the great marlin, Santiago is instead pulled by the marlin, and two days and nights pass with Santiago holding onto the line. Though wounded by the struggle and in pain, Santiago expresses a compassionate appreciation for his adversary, often referring to him as a brother.
On the third day, the fish begins to circle the skiff. Santiago, worn out and almost delirious, uses all his remaining strength to pull the fish onto its side and stab the marlin with a harpoon.
Santiago straps the marlin to the side of his skiff and heads home, thinking about the high price the fish will bring him at the market and how many people he will feed. Santiago kills a great mako shark with his harpoon, but he loses the weapon. He makes a new harpoon by strapping his knife to the end of an oar to help ward off the next line of sharks; five sharks are slain and many others are driven away.
Santiago knows that he is defeated and tells the sharks of how they have killed his dreams. Upon reaching the shore before dawn on the next day, Santiago struggles to his shack, carrying the heavy mast on his shoulder, leaving the fish head and the bones on the shore.
Once home, he slumps onto his bed and falls into a deep sleep. One of the fishermen measures it to be 18 feet 5. Pedrico is given the head of the fish, and the other fishermen tell Manolin to tell the old man how sorry they are.
The boy, worried about the old man, cries upon finding him safe asleep and at his injured hands. Manolin brings him newspapers and coffee.
When the old man wakes, they promise to fish together once again.
Upon his return to sleep, Santiago dreams of his youth—of lions on an African beach. Background and publication[ edit ] No good book has ever been written that has in it symbols arrived at beforehand and stuck in I tried to make a real old man, a real boy, a real sea and a real fish and real sharks.
But if I made them good and true enough they would mean many things. Ernest Hemingway and Henry "Mike" Strater with the remaining lbs of an estimated lb marlin that was half-eaten by sharks before it could be landed in the Bahamas in See Pilar for details of this episode.
Gregorio Fuenteswho many critics believe was an inspiration for Santiago, was a blue-eyed man born on Lanzarote in the Canary Islands. After going to sea at age ten on ships that called in African ports, he migrated permanently to Cuba when he was After 82 years in Cuba, Fuentes attempted to reclaim his Spanish citizenship in Relationships in the book relate to the Bible, which he referred to as "The Sea Book".
Some aspects of it did appear in the posthumously published Islands in the Stream.Complete summary of Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea.
eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Old Man and the Sea. Get help with any book. Download PDF Summary. The Old Man and The Sea, Ernest Hemingway The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in in Bimini, Bahamas, and published in It was the last major work of fiction by Hemingway that was published during his lifetime/5(K).
In this lesson, we will learn about Ernest Hemingway's short novel, The Old Man and the Sea. After we discuss the novel's plot, we will analyze its main symbols and themes. A short quiz will follow. The Old Man and the Sea study guide contains a biography of Ernest Hemingway, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Old Man and the Sea The Old Man and the Sea Summary.
He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. Lesson Summary.
Ernest Hemingway was a popular minimalist writer. His short novel, The Old Man and the Sea, was the last novel he published before he committed suicide.
He considered it one of his best works. It won Ernest Hemingway both the Noble Prize in and the Pulitzer Prize in