But the aim of my narrative is not to write of the casual doings of distinguished men, but their main achievements. For if even the playful moods of virtue are worth recording, then it would be absolutely impious to be silent about her serious aims. To those who desire to read this narrative it will tell its tale, not indeed with complete certainty as to all mattersfor it was impossible to collect all the evidence with accuracynor shall I separate out from the rest the most illustrious philosophers and orators, but I shall set down for each one his profession and mode of life. That in every case he whom this narrative describes attained to real distinction, the authorfor that is what he aims atleaves to the judgement of any who may please to decide from the proofs here presented.
For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner.
The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
Cyrus the Great had just overthrown the Medesinand Croesus figured that this must reveal the weakness of the Median state, and that, in any case, Cyrus' new realm was bound to be disorganized for a while, giving the Lydians an opportunity to renew the war that had ended in But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians.
This is a revealing episode, since Croesus wasn't even a Greek. Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall. He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed. Lydia became part of Persia in But Cyrus didn't kill, torture, or imprison Croesus.
The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled. The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his.
Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to.
Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California. This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians.
Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours. The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km. We get the difference because the distance for the event was determined inwhen the Olympics were in London, and the run was from Windsor Castle to London's Olympic Stadium.
So Phidippides didn't run nearly as far as a Marathon. Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all.Socrates First Accusers and Athenian Law - Download as Text File .txt), PDF File .pdf) or read online. Philosophy sample paper. Socrates' Defense How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was - such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth.
But many as their falsehoods were, there was one of them which quite amazed me; - I mean when they told you to be upon your guard, and.
LIVES OF THE PHILOSOPHERS AND SOPHISTS [Translated by Wilmer Cave W RIGHT]. INTRODUCTION. Xenophon the philosopher, who is unique among all philosophers in that he adorned philosophy not only with words but with deeds as well (for on the one hand he writes of the moral virtues both in discourses and historical commentaries, while he excelled also in actual achievement; nay .
BECK index Roman Decadence Caligula Claudius Nero Seneca's Tragedies Seneca's Stoic Ethics Judean and Roman Wars Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian SOCRATES, PLATO, AND THE LAWS OF ATHENS In Plato’s Apology, in front of the Athenian jury, Socrates answers the charges laid Crito’ [p. ]: ‘given the ways in which he construes his duties to the law and to the god, Socrates could not conceive of a situation in which they would come into.
Socrates Essay Words 5 Pages Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between philosophy and politics.