Introduction to Communication and Civic Life COM 3 credits An overview of major approaches to the analysis and criticism of contemporary cultural concerns, situating these within the broader historical contexts of communication and cultural theory. Sophomore standing Credit for enrollment in approved study abroad programs.
They speak Ebonics "Ebony," meaning "black" and "phonics," meaning "sound" -- a language which evolved in the Americas as a result of the adaptation of English words to an African language system. Since many African Americans do not speak standard English, "it is more than reasonable to suggest that in order to effectively and sussessfully teach the culturally and linguistically different Black child in the urban school the English language, the logical place to begin is with the cultural and linguistic experiences of the Black child.
That is, with Ebonics, using a bilingual and bicultural approach.
Smith, a distinguished author, lecturer and professor of linguistics at California State University at Fullerton. Smith believes that the high failure and drop-out rate of Black children across the United States is traceable to the fact that they are limited or non-English speakers, but neither the United States government, state departments of education nor local school boards recognize this fact.
Hence, millions of dollars are spent to teach English as a second language to Mexican, Asian, Indian, Persian, Oriental and other non-English speaking people, while black children must be content with attempting to grasp knowledge imparted to them in a language that is not their own.
Smith emphatically rejects the view that Black Americans speak a version of "Black English," "Black vernacular" or "Black dialect. Ann Arbor School District July 12, Smith, the concept or term "Black English," as it is currently used in the literature, is contradictory.
How can a person be your sister and still be an only child? Smith continues, "when you say two people of two speech communities speak the same language or different dialects thereof, the relative evidence for saying that it is the same language is that there is continuity of the morphology [defined below].
Knowing the sounds of the language will not make you a speaker of the language; nor will knowing the vocabulary of the language make you a speaker of the language.
What you must know and master in order to speak any language, are: Smith, actually "think in and use African syntactical patterns, but they have borrowed and extensively used European words.
So that the so-called "Black English" or "substandard English" still spoken by many Black Americans is in fact a separate language, Ebonics, whose basic foundation is clearly African. For thousands of years, a number of languages have evolved on the continent of Africa.
By the 16th century A. Although in many instances these dialects were mutually unintelligible, each of them possessed common phonological sound features and grammatical sentence structures.
Therefore, many linguists believe that these languages had the same or similar origins and belonged to a single language family. Furthermore, there are solid bits of empirical evidence that suggest that at this same time West Africans had developed a Lingua Franca or trade language spoken by common agreement between different language groups.
Smith, this communication was facilitated by the vocabulary from several dominant languages such as Ngola, Fulani, Wolof, Yorbuba, Mandingo, Malinke, Bambara and Dwe.
Because of these shared linguistic features, West Africans, who were brought to the New World as slaves, were able to retain a singular African language structure. Smith, "he was speaking Niger-Congo or what are called Hamito-Bantu languages.
Niger-Congo is a geographical designation for the languages of West Africa. These Hamitic and Bantu people, who were captured in West Africa, were speaking languages whose phonology, grammar and lexicon words were different from those of the Indo-European languages with which they came into contact in the New World.
Smith continues, "were brought into America and the Caribbean speaking African languages; and as a result you see that, to the extent that they have been integrated into white society, there is more likelihood of their sounding European or borrowing more European features.
To the extent that Black Americans have lived in social isolation, you will find the linguistic retention of an African Hamito-Bantu substratum in their phonology, grammar and vocabulary.
Smith insists, "knew the words," but because most were denied a formal education and could not read, they generally did not learn the grammar of the European language to which they were exposed.
What one has to know and speak in order to have competence in Spanish is the Spanish morphology or verb system. Smith, "is an African morphology or substratum with French, Portuguese, Dutch, Spanish and English words in it," depending on where the Africans lived in the New World.
Smith, "is the English language. At one time the English language was not spoken on the British Isles.the ‘Ebonics’ controversy of December when the Oakland (CA) School Board recognized it as the ‘pri- mary’ language of its majority African American stu-. Link to College of Arts and Letters Programs Anthropology.
IF these DACA eligiables really wanted to be Americans, they would have learned the language, at the very least. Job opportunities will be very limited for these people if granted amnesty. On top of that, the method of using Ebonics to study English, “contrastive analysis,” forces students to look for the similarities and differences between the different speeches and critically think about each their contrasting relationship. The latter study was conducted over a four month period, in which the effects of the dialect readers on increased motivation and intelligibility could be more clearly discerned; the former studies were all one-shot studies, in which researchers compared the effects of reading Ebonics and Standard English words or texts at one point in time.
Undergraduate Courses/link to graduate courses Cultural Difference in a Globalized Society (ANT . Ebonics is a form of communication that deserves recognition and study.
In this months’ special edition we are taking a closer look at the events that are going on right now. In this months’ special edition we are taking a closer look at the events that are going on right now.
Legitimizing the Study of Ebonics/Black English. Depending on how many pieces of the unit I include, this curriculum takes weeks. Students watch films and read literature, nonfiction texts, and poetry. Sep 28, · Speaking as a young guy (so take it with a grain of salt), I think the CFA is a useful learning tool no matter what direction in the financial world you want to take, from investment banking to tax accounting; however, as the son of a CFO, it is my understanding that the CFA is a rather useless credential on the corporate executive accounting side of the business.
Variation is a characteristic of language: there is more than one way of saying the same thing. Speakers may vary pronunciation (), word choice (), or morphology and syntax (sometimes called "grammar").But while the diversity of variation is great, there seem to be boundaries on variation – speakers do not generally make drastic alterations in sentence word order or use novel sounds that are.